Azadi Tower is one of the symbols of Tehran, which was built more than forty years ago by the Iranian architect Hossein Amanat and named it Shahyad. This tower was designed and built to commemorate the two thousand five hundred years imperial celebrations. Azadi Square, where Azadi Tower is located, is the largest square in Tehran, which is located in the western part of it.
The Shahyad Tower has been transformed into the Azadi Tower after the 1979 Iranian Revolution. This tower in Iran is an example of urban symbols and signs that unique architecture turned it into a beautiful symbol in terms of architecture.
This beautiful three-story building has four elevators, two stairs, and 286 stairs. There are several theaters, galleries, libraries, and museums in the basement of the Azadi Tower. The length of this building is 63 meters and its height from the ground is 45 meters. Forty-six thousand pieces of cut and polished stone have been used in the construction of the Azadi Tower.
Azadi Tower is the first symbol of Tehran that was built many years before Milad Tower and many still consider it the main symbol of the capital of Iran. This beautiful building, which is considered one of the masterpieces of contemporary Iranian architecture, was built between 1348 and 1350. Azadi Tower is a combination of Achaemenid, Sassanid, and Islamic architecture.
The amazing architecture of this work has made it one of the most important sights of Tehran. Azadi Tower was included in the list of national monuments of Iran in 1974.
The lower area of the tower is dedicated to the gallery, knowledge hall, Iranology hall, museum, library, etc. Due to a large number of halls and museums on the ground floor of the tower, it can be concluded that all available spaces are designed to have more of an exhibition aspect.
Tehran tourist attractions:
History of Azadi Tower
The construction of Azadi Tower began on November 2, 1980, which lasted 28 months until it was inaugurated on October 15, 1981, with the presence of 3,000 domestic and foreign guests. On an opening day, the charter of Cyrus was unveiled for the first time. The tower, which was a combination of pre-and post-Islamic architectural arches, became a symbol of the city over time.
Azadi Tower Architecture
Azadi Square and Tower has a unique architecture and design, and in its design, it has been tried to use Iranian architectural elements. Azadi Square, with an area of 50,000 square meters, has an oval ground. The architect of this building has tried to crystallize the brilliant past of Iran’s history in this amazing structure so that anyone who comes to Iran, seeing the Azadi Tower, will realize the great culture of this land. Azadi Tower is 63 meters long and 45 meters high from the ground and consists of four floors, which has 286 stairs and two elevators. In the construction of this work, 25,000 pieces of marble and 900 tons of iron have been used. The main doors of Azadi Tower are made of granite, pearl is used in the architecture of the ground floor as well as the floors of the tower.
Inside Azadi Tower
The beauty of Azadi Tower is not only for its exterior and its interior is also very attractive. Two floors of the tower are located above the arch of the main arch and under the dome, which can be reached by elevator.
One of the most interesting features of the Azadi Tower is that the various spaces of the tower are not limited and have a visual connection with other parts through the aperture and gap, and even the sky and outside the tower. Therefore; Whenever you look over your head, you will see a small space and hole to the upper floor that can be seen on all floors of the tower and lead to higher spaces in different ways.
Different parts of Azadi Tower
The Azadi Tower has four floors, each with different sections. In the following, we will provide a brief explanation about them.
Iranology Hall has been formed in order to get acquainted with the climatic, cultural, and economic characteristics of different provinces of Iran. This 1,122 square meter hall has mockups of different provinces of the country and includes embossed images and various designs of historical, religious, industrial centers, etc. of the country.
In the north of the mockups, there is a beautiful lake like the Caspian Sea and in the southern part, there are spectacular seas like the Persian Gulf and part of the Oman Sea. On the way back, visitors will see four large screens showing films of Iranian cultural works and handicrafts.
The ceremonial hall is designed to receive guests, where most of those invited to the Azadi Tower ceremony and will be accommodated. Among the features of this hall, we can mention the existence of beautiful Iranian motifs and ceiling decorations.
Ancestors Passage is located after the Iranology Hall and includes several showcases dedicated to the display of various historical objects and works of artists. This section is located in the entrance hall of Azadi Tower and its special architectural form and stone doors are its attractive features. The lighting of this corridor has caused the ancient spaces of Iran to be associated with the mind.
The Mirror Hall has 12 booths on either side that display volume designs and symbolic images, urbanity, wildlife, oil industry, environment, and sports. The design of these showcases uses mirrors, which makes them look much larger than their actual size, which is why it is called the Hall of Mirrors. One of the excellent features of this tower is its exhibition space, which is dedicated to the Beautiful works of artists, holding various exhibitions of handicrafts of Iranian ethnic groups and art education workshops.
The Ethnic Gallery is actually a semicircular corridor with eight showcases used to display Iranian anthropological objects and handicrafts. Visitors can access the knowledge base and the theater through this corridor.
Bustan (Park) Gallery
The Bustan Gallery, which is adjacent to the library and is the main gallery of the Azadi Tower, is a large hall with a large skylight. This quiet place is used to display visual works and art workshops.
The Azadi Tower Library, with an area of about 200 square meters, has 11,000 volumes of books, including 2,000 valuable reference books and other books on various topics of architecture, linguistics, history, and literature in Persian, English, and French.
In the Technology corridor, there are modern attractions such as intelligent video systems, pianist robots, knowledge bases, and responsive robots. The pianist robot is made by Iranian engineers and can play the piano with air pumps and computer programming.
The responsive robot has the face of a boy and explains questions to visitors about the history of the Azadi Tower and its architectural features.
The knowledge base consists of two halls, the roof of which is decorated with traditional and modern architecture. There are 28 computer screens in the center of these halls that provide visitors with information about the history of Iranian civilization from the beginning to the present day.
The Ancient Hall (main museum) is located just below the tower and it has showcases for works of art and history. The Roudaki Institute organized an exhibition of Qajar-era women’s jewelry belonging to the Saadabad Museum.
There are two elevators as well as the stairs of the tower in the same hall, through which the upper floors can be accessed. The southern part of the hall leads to the central facilities of the tower and the northern part leads to the Hall of Mirrors.
There is a small shop in the western part of the Old Hall that sells handicrafts, CDs related to the Freedom Tower, and so on.
The multi-vision Hall is located at a depth of 15 meters and is used for the conference, music, and theater with the most advanced light, sound, and image technology. Laser show equipment, imaging equipment, and make-up equipment are part of the facilities of the hall. This hall, which is equipped with 18 platforms and has a capacity for 300 people, has an interesting interior design and decorations.
Because it can be used for many purposes, it is called a multi-vision hall, and in addition to showing movies, It is possible to hold music concerts, performances, TV shows and competitions, the possibility of holding various conferences, multi-vision shows, laser shows, etc. Interestingly, under the platforms of the seating area, photographs of pre-and post-Islamic monuments are displayed. When you raise your head and look at the ceiling, the image of Anzali Lagoon shows itself, and in front of you, there are three screens, each of which shows a film of the revolution of Iran.
Simulation Cinema Hall was built in 2009 by the Roudaki Institute, which is equipped with the latest facilities and technology to create a virtual space while watching movies. All 51 seats in this hall are equipped with motion effects. This hall is located next to the Iranology Hall and on the east side of the entrance of Azadi Tower.
The first floor is 23 meters above the ground and is used to replace the elevator and has nothing to visit. There are two sloping walls with small windows here; The same blue windows that are visible from under the arch of Azadi tower. The main arch and the two east and west arches of the tower surround this floor, and there are beautiful tiles on the facade of the tower behind its sloping walls.
The second floor is 33 meters above the level of Azadi Square and there is a concrete dome that provides light to the first and second floors of the tower. Interestingly, for the first time in Iran, white concrete has been used for the walls and ceiling of this tower. In this floor you can watch the interior architecture of Azadi Tower and enjoy the traditional and modern architecture; Especially its roof, which reminds you of the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque in Isfahan. The second floor is used to display historical photographs.
The third floor is located at a height of 39.5 meters above the ground and its attractiveness is rectangular and vertical slits that are imitated of Iranian windbreaks. The beehive-like windows also have a good view of the capital and are reminiscent of the watchtowers of old castles.
Finally, there is the roof of the tower, which has a beautiful dome protruding from the highest level of the tower and starts from the third floor of the tower and extends to a height of 46.25 meters. This dome has turquoise tiles that are used in the architecture of tombs.
Azadi Square has an area of 50,000 square meters, which is the largest square in Iran after Naghsh Jahan Square. This square was designed and built at the same time as Azadi Tower. Azadi Square has attractive grounds, sidewalks, sidewalks and lawns.