Rey city (or Shahr-e Rey) is one of the oldest cities in Iran and the world and one of the cities of Tehran province. The history of living in this city dates back to three thousand years BC. At that time, the Aryan tribes founded the city of Rey, which at the time was the largest city in the world.
Ray literally means royal city. The resident and people of Rey were called Razi. The city of Rey has been the capital of Iran for some time. This city is now part of the city of Tehran and is located in the south. The distance from Rey city to the center of Tehran is less than fourteen kilometers.
Rey is an ancient region in Tehran that has many historical monuments and places of interest. The long history and ancient history of the city of Rey and its valuable historical monuments such as the fort of Rey Brin, which belongs to the centuries BC, has made this city one of the tourist hubs of Tehran province.
The ancient land of Rey is several thousand years old and is a remnant of the great Iranian and Islamic culture that is left in the southernmost region of Tehran.
Rey city is one of the cities of Tehran province, which is connected to Tehran from the north and to Qom from the south. Its area is 2696 square kilometers and has a population of 800,000 people.
The average altitude of this city is 1062 meters above sea level. Shahr-e Rey is located in the southeast of Tehran, 14 kilometers from the center of Tehran.
The climate of the city is hot and dry and the average rainfall is 200 milliliters. Rey city is located in the plain and its mountains include Bibi Shahrbanu mountain, Arad mountain, Mara mountain. Its rivers are Karaj River, Jajrud River, Shoor River, Kan River.
The name Ray is mentioned in ancient sources in various forms: rega, rege are among the old names of this city.
Attractions of Iran:
History of the city of Rey
This ancient Iranian city is located today south of the capital and still retains the traces of its centuries-old and several thousand-year-old civilizations. In this historical part of Tehran, you can visit the shrine of Abdolazim Hassani and visit the 500-year-old bazaar of the shrine. Southwest of Hazrat Abdolazim Square, Shah Abbasi Caravanserai is a Safavid period. In addition, you can visit Other historical monuments and buildings of this city include Ibn Babawiyyah Historical Cemetery, Toghral Tower, Shahrbanu Mausoleum, Rashkan Fortress, Mill Hill, Harun Al-Rasheed Prison, Naqare Khaneh Tower, Yananj Tower, Javanmard Qassab Tomb, and Cheshmeh Ali. On the northern slope of Shahrbanoo mountain, you can also find the crypts of the Sassanids. Tabarak Castle and Gabri Castle are also ancient remnants of the Ray civilization, which belongs to the pre-Islamic period of Iran.
Attractions of the city of Rey
Shrine of Hazrat Abdul Azim
This shrine has long been popular with the people of Tehran. If you enter the complex from the northern entrance, the shrine is in front of you. The first building of this shrine, which was built in the second half of the third century AH, and its main entrance, which is located in the north of the complex, was completed and repaired by order of the kings of Albuyeh. After the pilgrimage, pay attention to the inscriptions and brick decorations of the building.
Shrine of Hamzeh
Hamzeh’s court is located in the eastern courtyard of the shrine, and it is easier to visit this shrine after Hazrat Abdul Azim. It is said that this court is older than the tomb of Hazrat Abdul Azim, but the building of this holy place, like the building of Hazrat Abdul Azim, has been renovated and completed over time. Here you can visit the tomb of Nasser al-Din Shah.
Shrine of Taher
Taher’s court is located on the south side of the courtyard, which is one of the most beautiful parts of this shrine complex with tiles from the Qajar period. The shrine was unknown for centuries, and its identity was revealed from the tombstone during the repair of the cemetery.
To the west of the courtyard of the Shrine of Hazrat Abdolazim was a garden that people used to call a Tuti Garden, even though it is still a historical cemetery. Tuti Garden is one of the best neighborhoods of the shrine. From the beautiful courtyard of this garden, you can see the whole view of the shrine.
Ibn Babavieh is the first cemetery in the city of Rey and the second cemetery in Tehran, and Sheikh Saduq or Ibn Babavieh is buried here.
If you have come to Ibn Babawiyyah, be sure to go to Toghral Tower. Toghral Tower is in front of it. There is disagreement about its origin, but some consider it the tomb of Toghral Beyk of Seljuk.
Rashkan fort is one of the protective forts of Rey in the four corners of the city, which is located at the crossroads of the railway, on top of a mountain.
The tomb of Javanmard ghasab
“Javanmard ghassab” is a semi-mythical and semi-historical character, whose tomb is located near a city. Some natives believe that this place is the tomb of “Abu al-Abbas ghassab Amoli” known as “Abu al-Abbas ghassab Javanmard”.
Mill Hill is one of the relics of the Sassanid era, which is located 12 km southeast of the city towards Varamin on the height of a vast hill in the village of Qala-e-No.
Gabri Castle is one of the old buildings of Rey city in Alaei town in a neighborhood of the same name, which dates back to two thousand years ago to the Sassanid Empire. The towers and fortifications of this castle have been destroyed over the centuries due to erosion and now only its long and high walls are made of clay and mud.