Five hundred and fifty years BC, the land of Persia was the residence of the Achaemenids. The Persian dynasty, led by Cyrus, defeated the Medes and chose the region now known as Pasargadae as their capital.
Pasargad is a collection of ancient structures left over from the Achaemenid period, which is located in Pasargad city in Fars province. This large complex, which is located on a high plain 1900 meters above sea level, in a mountain fence, includes buildings such as the tomb of Cyrus the Great, the royal garden of Pasargadae, the palace, the bridge, the fountains of the royal garden, the tomb of Cambyses (one of the Achaemenid kings) and Other places of interest.
One of the most beautiful buildings in the Pasargadae complex is the stone tower, the construction of which dates back to the beginning of the Achaemenid period. A quadrangular tower-like structure fourteen meters high, of which only one wall now remains. The Pasargad collection has been inscribed on the World Heritage List.
It is safe to say that Iran is one of the most civilized countries in the Middle East with many historical attractions. There are some cities in Iran, that host more domestic and foreign tourists than other regions of Iran. One of these cities is the beautiful city of Shiraz, which is a very popular destination among tourists. But one of the most popular attractions of this city is known as Pasargad. Pasargad is a collection of antiquities located in Shiraz and as a relic of the glorious Achaemenid period. The collection has been registered as the fifth Iranian monument in the UNESCO World Heritage List in July 2004. To reach Pasargad Shiraz, you can go to this beautiful city by booking a plane ticket to Shiraz or by car or by public land transport such as bus or train. Most of Pasargad buildings are made of materials such as stone, brick, raw clay, and wood, the color of the bricks used is red, and white limestone, blue, and marble are also used in the construction of this complex.
Other historical monuments of Iran:
Other historical monuments of Iran
During his reign, Cyrus built many magnificent palaces and buildings that were built in a special way with gardens, trees, and streams. This collection has several sections, each of which is described below:
The tomb of Cyrus is a stone building 11 meters high with large stones on the seventh floor. Although the tomb is 25 centuries old, no mortar was used between the stones, and instead, the stones are connected with metal fasteners. On the seventh floor of the tomb, which is called the treasury, is the golden coffin of Cyrus with many jewels.
Bar-e Aam Palace
Many guests went to this palace to see the king. The palace is built with four porches and a large hall with several columns and there are paths to the hall from all four porches. Of course, today only one of the columns of the hall remains, which is placed on the headstone of the black stone, and the foot of the eagle and human are engraved on the stones. In a part of the Bar-e Aam palace, a cuneiform inscription is engraved on a stone, which is written in three popular languages of that time, respectively, Persian, Elamite and Babylonian, (I am Cyrus the Achaemenid king).
Only a 14-meter vertical stone wall remains from this part, about which there are various stories, such as the sleeping place of Cambyses (son of Cyrus), or the tomb of Cyrus’s wife and the temple. But alas, there is nothing left of it.
Pasargad has many designs, one of the most famous of which is The Winged Man. Many believe that this design shows the completeness of Cyrus’ character and thoughts. A man with four Assyrian wings and a long robe and a crown on his head are standing next to two cobras while praying, and a bearded man is holding one of his arms in front of him and placing his other hand in the direction of his wings and two wings towards The sky represents prayer. It can be said that this sculpture is the healthiest surviving design of this collection.
The statue of the winged man is positioned so that the winged man looks towards the center of the palace. The Gate Palace is a large quadrangular hall with eight rows of columns that has two main entrances and two side entrances.
Although many parts of this palace and historical monument have been destroyed, but some parts of it still remain and are considered as one of the most beautiful palaces in Pasargadae.
One of the most beautiful parts of Pasargad is this tower, which originally is quadrangular, but now only one wall remains. It can be said that this tower is one of the most special monuments of Achaemenid architecture because marble and black stones have been used in its construction.
According to the name of this palace, this palace belonged to Cyrus and the residence of the king. The palace has a large hall and the main entrances are located on the east and west porches. Also, according to the old architecture, it has two subsidiary entrances. The dedicated palace is located in the north of Pasargad Garden, which represents the residential part of the Achaemenid palace. This complex has large and wide columns. In the dedicated palace, you will find inscriptions with the same sentence as (I am Cyrus the Achaemenid) in three ancient languages. There are also two white stone platforms in this area, one of which has several steps and the other does not have stairs. In ancient times, these two platforms were places of worship.
The Takht Hill is located on top of a hill made of large stone slabs without mortar, but few traces of it remain today. Each part of this building belongs to a period of history such as the Achaemenids, Parthians, Seleucids, and Sassanids that has been preserved, so the original design of this building has changed completely and has taken on a different form.
One of the oldest mosques in Iran is located near the tomb of Cyrus, which is built with stones and columns. But today very little remains of this building remain.
Near the tomb of Cyrus, there is a building that was once a caravanserai and this caravanserai was built with white stones from the remains of Pasargadae palaces.