Learn Farsi in 100 Days: Day 2: Farsi Alphabet: Let’s learn more common Farsi letters: Part 2

Learn Farsi in 100 Days course

Welcome back to Day 2 of the “Learn Farsi in 100 Days” course, where we continue to explore the beautiful Farsi alphabet. In Part 2 of today’s lesson, we delve into three more essential letters: “ش“ (sheen), “ف“ (fe), and “گ“ (gaf). Each of these letters plays a crucial role in forming words and phrases in the Farsi language. To enhance your learning, we’ve included a YouTube tutorial video that visually and audibly guides you through each letter.

The Farsi Letter “ش“(Sheen)

شـ – ش ” called “shin”, is the sixteenth letter of the Persian alphabet. It has short and full formats. “ ش ” sounds /she/ like “sh” in “short”. The Farsi letter “ش“ (sheen) is frequently used and has a distinctive sound that is crucial for proper pronunciation in Farsi:

Isolated form: ش
Initial form: شـ
Medial form: ـشـ
Final form: ـش

How to Write and Pronounce “ ش “

Isolated and Final Form (ش): Appears as a standalone character or at the end of a word.
Initial Form (شـ): Connects to the following letter at the beginning of words.
Medial Form (ـشـ): Connects to both preceding and following letters within words.

Pronunciation Tip: “ش“ is pronounced like the ‘sh’ in “ship.”

Examples:

Initial Letter:                                    شَب                      /shab/                night
Medial Letter:                                  پِزِشک                   /pezeshk/           doctor
Final Joined Letter:                          نیش                     /nish/                 sting
Final Disjoined Letter:                     گوش                    /goosh/              ear

The Letter ‘ف’ in Learn Farsi in 100 Days: Day 2, Part 2

فـ – ف” /fe/ is the twenty-third letter of the Persian alphabet. It has two forms, short and full. “ ف ” sounds /fe/ like “f” in “film”.

Isolated form: ف
Initial form: فـ
Medial form: ـفـ
Final form: ـف

How to Write and Pronounce “ ف “

Isolated and Final Form (ف): Written as a single unit, whether it is isolated or at the end of a word.
Initial Form (فـ): Appears at the start of words, connecting to the subsequent letter.
Medial Form (ـفـ): Links to both the previous and next letters within a word.

Pronunciation Tip: “ف“ is pronounced as ‘f’ in “far.”

Examples:

Initial Letter:                                    فَرش                     /farsh/                carpet
Medial Letter:                                  کفش                    /karsh/                shoe
Final Joined Letter:                          کتف                     /ketf/                  shoulder
Final Disjoined Letter:                     برف                     /barf/                   snow

The Letter گ (Gaf) in Learn Farsi : Day 2, Part 2

گـ – گ ” called “gâf”, is the twenty-sixth letter of the Persian alphabet. It has short and full forms. “ گ ” sounds /ge/ like “g” in “get”. Lastly, we introduce “گ“ (gaf), which adds a unique sound to the Farsi lexicon:

Isolated form: گ
Initial form: گـ
Medial form: ـگـ
Final form: ـگ

How to Write and Pronounce “ گ “

Isolated and Final Form (گ): Stands alone or concludes a word.
Initial Form (گـ): Connects to the next letter at the beginning of words.
Medial Form (ـگـ): Joins both preceding and following letters within words.

Pronunciation Tip: “گ“ is pronounced like the ‘g’ in “go.”

Examples:

Initial Letter:                                     گاو                      /gâv/                   cow
Medial Letter:                                  مگس                   /magas/              fly
Final Joined Letter:                          سَگ                     /sag/                  dog

Watch and Learn: “Learn Farsi in 100 Days” Day 2- Part 2

For an interactive experience, please watch our YouTube tutorial linked below. This video provides practical demonstrations on writing and pronouncing these letters, ensuring you gain confidence in your Farsi language skills.

Continue practicing these letters in their various forms to improve your writing and pronunciation. Stay tuned for Day 2, Part 3 as we introduce more letters and useful vocabulary.


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