Learn Farsi in 100 Days: Day 2: Farsi Alphabet: Let’s learn more common Farsi letters: Part 4

Learn Farsi in 100 Days course

Welcome to Part 4 of Day 2 in our “Learn Farsi in 100 Days” course. Today, we will explore three more critical letters of the Farsi alphabet: “چ” (che), “ذ” (zal), and “ص” (sad). These letters each bring unique sounds that are essential for forming words in Farsi. To help you better understand and practice these letters, we’ve included a YouTube tutorial video that offers a visual and auditory learning experience.

The Farsi Letter چ (Che) in Learn Farsi Day 2, Part 4

چ – چـ ” /che/ is the seventh letter of the Persian alphabet. It sounds /che/ like “ch” in “chair”. Similar to “ ج ”, it has short and full forms. It’s a vibrant and commonly used letter in Farsi that appears in various forms:

Isolated form: چ
Initial form: چـ
Medial form: ـچـ
Final form: ـچ

How to Write and Pronounce ” چ “

Isolated and Final Form (چ): Stands alone or concludes a word.
Initial Form (چـ): Connects to the following letter at the start of words.
Medial Form (ـچـ): Appears in the middle of words, linking to both preceding and following letters.

Pronunciation Tip: “چ” is articulated with a sharp, cheerful “ch” sound.


Initial Letter:                                     چَشم                    /chashm/                 eye
Medial Letter:                                   دوچَرخِه                /docharkhe/            bike
Final Joined Letter:                          پیچ                       /pich/                     screw

The Farsi Letter “ذ” (Zal)

ذ ” called /zâl/, is the eleventh letter of the Persian alphabet. It only has one format. “ذ ” only joins to the preceding letters in Persian words. It sounds /ze/ like “ze” in “zipper”. The letter “ذ“ (zal) is less common but equally important, primarily used in formal texts and specific words.

Isolated form: ذ

How to Write and Pronounce “ذ“

Isolated Form (ذ): This letter does not connect to other letters and is always written as an isolated form.
Pronunciation Tip:ذ“ has a voiced, dental sound, pronounced close to the English “th.”


Initial Letter:                                     ذات                     /zât/                        nature
Medial Letter:                                  جَذاب                    /jazâb/                    cute
Final Joined Letter:                          کاغذ                     /kâɣaz/                    paper

Understanding the Letter “ص“ (Sad) in Learn Farsi Day 2, Part 4

صـ – ص ” called “sâd”, is seventeenth letter of the Persian alphabet. It has short and full forms. “ ص ” sounds /se/ like “s” in “sound”. The letter “ص“ (sad) contributes a deep, sonorous “s” sound that is distinct in the Farsi language. It’s crucial for words that convey emotions or actions.

Isolated form: ص
Initial form: صـ
Medial form: ـصـ
Final form: ـص

How to Write and Pronounce “ ص “

Isolated and Final Form (ص): Either stands alone or at the end of a word.
Initial Form (صـ): Used at the beginning of words, connecting to the next letter.
Medial Form (ـصـ): Appears in the middle of words, linking to adjacent letters.

Pronunciation Tip: “ص“ is pronounced with a strong, emphatic “s.”


Initial Letter:                                    صابون                  /sâbun/                    soap
Medial Letter:                                  قصاب                  /qasâb/                    butcher
Final Joined Letter:                          مشخص               /moshakhas/            specified

Watch and Learn: “Learn Farsi in 100 Days” Day 2- Part 4

To effectively learn these letters, please view the accompanying YouTube tutorial. This video provides detailed instructions on how to pronounce and write “چ“, “ذ“, and “ص“, complemented by visual examples and practical exercises.

Regular practice of these letters in their various forms will enhance your reading and writing skills in Farsi. Stay tuned for Day 3, where we will continue to expand your knowledge of the Farsi alphabet and introduce more complex words and phrases.