Golestan Palace is a collection of monuments located in Tehran. The monuments of this palace were built at different times. The construction of this palace dates back to the Safavid era, the main parts of this palace were widely expanded during the Qajar period and were the residence of Qajar kings.
some historical events have taken place in this palace. Among these events, the coronation of Muzaffar al-Din Shah and Ahmad Shah Qajar, the last king of this dynasty, and the coronation of Reza Shah, the first Pahlavi king, all took place in this palace.
Golestan Palace is one of the tourist attractions in Tehran and many domestic and foreign tourists visit its attractive monuments and beautiful courtyard.
Golestan Palace was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2007.
In terms of architecture and the value of its artistic and historical works, this palace is one of the most important historical monuments in the country, which witnesses the presence of domestic and foreign tourists throughout the year. The palace consists of different sections such as Marmar Throne Porch, Salam Hall, Mirror Hall, Dining Hall, Karimkhani Privacy, Berlian Hall, Badgir Mansion, Shams Al-Amara Palace, Diamond Hall, and Abyaz Palace. Marmar throne porch and Karimkhani privacy belong to the era of Karim Khan Zand, which are the oldest buildings of the Golestan complex.
Golestan Cultural and Historical Complex Apart from the above-mentioned buildings, it has different sections such as Manuscript Library, Video Documentation Center, Manuscript Documentation Center, Technical Office, International Affairs, Printed Library, Cultural Affairs, Introduction, Children and Adolescents Unit, Unit A law office is established.
Golestan Palace is one of the most famous sights of Tehran, which dates back to decades before the Qajar era and has more than 440 years of history. At present, the area of Golestan Palace reaches 4.5 hectares, which is about one-tenth of its original area; Where the residence of kings such as Agha Mohammad Khan, Fath Ali Shah, Nasser al-Din Shah, Muzaffar al-Din Shah, and Ahmad Shah Qajar. Golestan Palace is located in Tehran, 15 Khordad St., Arg Square.
Iran and its attractions:
Architecture and various sights of the palace
Golestan Palace consists of a historical complex that includes several royal palaces and halls in one garden. The architecture of this complex began with Iranian architecture and then trade, political and cultural relations with European countries led to changes based on neoclassical European architecture. For this reason, today we are witnessing a combination of Iranian and European architectural styles that dazzle the eyes of every viewer.
You can see one of the best examples of tiling in Golestan Palace, with different themes such as mythology, hunting, and hunting grounds, feasts, romance, battles, landscapes, historical monuments, kings, courtiers, and government officials, religious, etc. The effect of expanding contact with the Western world and supporting art is also evident in these tiles.
This is not the only exterior of Golestan Palace buildings that will amaze you with its beautiful tiles. When you enter this building, the spectacular mirrors will delight you; Especially in the Hall of Mirrors, which has been decorated for more than seven years.
Gilded ornaments on stone are another part of the charm of Shams al-Amara and the marble throne that was popular during the Qajar period. In these decorations, metal sheets have been used, which shows the skill of goldsmith artists of that time. The use of gold in the architectural decorations of Golestan Palace and considering its durability doubles the value of this collection.
Perhaps the most significant collection of Golestan can be considered Shams al-Amara; A tall building that is one of its most prominent attractions and was once considered a symbol of the capital. Nasser al-Din Shah liked their skyscrapers during his European travels, so he ordered the construction of this building so that he could climb it with his wives and see the view of Tehran and its surroundings.
This five-story building was built in 1284, which was the tallest building of its time with a height of 35 meters. For the first time, metal was used in the construction of Shams al-Amara, which was an important development in Iranian construction. In addition to the magnificent and beautiful view of Shams al-Amara, its interior decorations, from mirror work and painting to plastering, will surprise any viewer.
Ayneh Hall is one of the famous halls of Golestan Palace, which is located right next to Salam Hall. Much of the hall’s fame is due to Kamal al-Molk‘s famous painting of the Hall of Mirrors and Nasser al-Din Shah, which took five years to complete. The interesting point of this painting is the size of the hall, which looks much bigger compared to the real hall, and this shows the artist’s art in magnifying the hall.
The Berlian Hall is famous for having several beautiful rooms full of mirrors and chandeliers. Before the formation of the Berlian Hall, there was a palace or a crystal hall from the time of Fath Ali Shah. This hall was destroyed due to wear and tear during the reign of Nasser al-Din Shah and the Berlian Hall was built in its place. In addition to the restoration of the building during the reign of Muzaffar al-Din Shah, beautiful decorations were added to it. There is a panel of the mentioned hall before this restoration which is kept in Salam Hall.
In the time of Nasser al-Din Shah, the Berlian Hall was used to hold gifts from foreign kings, and in the Pahlavi era, it was used as a place for official court parties.