The Farsi alphabet (Farsi: /alefbâye fârsi/ الفبای فارسی) consists 32 letters, most of which have two forms, short and full. In Farsi, words are written from right to left while numbers are written from left to right. Farsi is a writing style based on the Arabic script. It is entirely written cursively. That is, the majority of letters in a word connect to each other. Therefore, the appearance of a letter changes depending on its position: beginning (joined on the left), middle (joined on both sides), end (joined on the right) of a word and some letters are written isolated.
This writing style is also implemented on computers. Whenever the Farsi script is typed, the computer connects the letters to each other.
Following is a table showing the Farsi alphabet and how it is pronounced in English. There are also some examples of how those letters would sound if you place them in a word.
عـ – ع
“عـ – ع” called “eyn”, is the twenty-first letter of the Persian alphabet. It has short and full forms. “ع” sounds a slight pause between two letters. For example in “تعظیم” sounds “ta’zim”.
“ع” is written in four ways:
Initial letter: عدد /adad/ Number
Medial Letter: جمعه /jom’e/ Friday
Final Joined Letter: طبع /tab’/ Nature
Final Disjoined Letter: شروع /shoru’/ Start
How to write it: