The Persian language is one of the oldest languages in the world. It’s soft-sounding, romantic, and full of passion. For Iranians, poetry plays a significant part in their culture, and they learn it as part of the curriculum from childhood ages at school. Here are some of the most beautiful Persian words, to give you a taste of its allure.
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Del (del) / heart
Yâr (yar) / friend
It means friend, companion, lover, and teammate, it refers to somebody who is close to you.
Mitrâ (mi-tra) / truth
This word dates back to Zoroastrianism. In English, Mithra is a member of the trinity of ahuras and truth. Also, considered as a preserver of covenants, it protects and keeps all aspects of interpersonal relationships, such as love and friendship. In fact, Mithra is a judge who ensures that sinful individuals or those who break promises are not allowed to enter paradise, and furthermore, it is associated with the Aredvi Sura Anahita, the hypostasis of knowledge and Sun.
Mehr (mer) / love
This is an important Persian word that means love, affection, and kindness. Moreover, the word is said to be one of the foundations of Mithraism, the religion inspired by Mithra, the Persian worship of God. Also, it has been said to originate from the proto-Indo-Iranian language Mitra.
Tâbestân (tâb-es-toon) / summer
This is the word for summer. As Iranians like the outdoors, exploring nature and hiking in the mountains are very common, usually taking place at the weekends. Furthermore, picnics are also very common for families when they visit the coast and you will see picnics taking place all over its parks. Naqsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan is a popular spot for this.
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Dânesh (dan-esh) / wisdom
This means knowledge and wisdom. There are many famous scientists and iconic philosophers and researchers who originate from Iran. Khayyam is arguably one of the most well-known, dating from the 11th century. He was an astronomer and mathematician who introduced the solar calendar that is still used today in Iran. And also It has been described as being the most accurate calendar that has ever existed.
Bârân (bar-oon) / rain
Meaning rain, this word is symbolic in Farsi. Depending on where you live in Iran, rain can be considered a blessing, particularly in the dry parts of Iran, as it helps with the blossoming of flowers in spring. This season is particularly important in the Iranian calendar due to the vernal equinox which marks the beginning of the new year and a time of renewal and spring, Nowruz, literally translates as ‘new day’.
Jân (jan) / life and soul
This word signifies life and soul. Actually, it is placed after the name of someone as a sign of affection, to mean ‘dear’. It is also used after the name of family members, for example, bâbâ-jan, with ‘bâbâ’ meaning father.
Mâh (ma) / moon
The moon is an important figure in the Persian language and culture and also, Mâh is a feminine word, sometimes personified as a goddess or ‘queen of the night’ in Zoroastrian tradition.
Pâeez (pa-eez) / autumn
As the landscape shifts towards hues of red and orange, autumn is the best time to explore Iran’s many natural wonders. Considered a time of renewal and romance, and also, it is an important time in the Iranian calendar.
Daryâ (darya) / sea
Bordering the Caspian (khazar) and Arabian Seas, Iran’s extensive coastline has been the subject and topic of much writing over the centuries. Also, originally meaning the limitless body of water, the word daryâ captures the beauty of this relatively unexplored landscape and its boundlessness.