On Doing Good and Evil, and the Result گفتار اندر نکوکاری و بد کاری و عاقبت آنها

Bustan Saadi بوستان سعدی

On Doing Good and Evil, and the Result.
A man who does good has no evil to fear;
No person does evil that good may appear.  
  نکوکار مردم نباشد بدش
نورزد کسی بد که نیک افتدش
The promoters of sin, also, wickedly roam,
Like scorpions, that seldom get back to their home.  
شر انگیز هم در سر شر رود
چو کژدم که با خانه کمتر رود
If your nature is such that it benefits none;
The jewel and stone, in like manner are one.
I am wrong, oh companion, of temp’rament sweet!
In a face, stone and iron, you profit will meet.  
اگر نفع کس در نهاد تو نیست
چنین جوهر و سنگ خارا یکی است
غلط گفتم ای یار شایسته خوی
که نفع است در آهن و سنگ و روی
Such a man’s better dead than enduring the shame,
That a stone can than him greater excellence claim.
Not each son sprung from Adam surpasses the beast;
For a brute is less vile than a villain, at least.
چنین آدمی مرده به ننگ را
که بروی فضیلت بود سنگ را
نه هر آدمی زاده از دد به است
که دد ز آدمی زاده بد به است
A man who is wise, leaves the beast far behind —
Not the being who, brute-like, attacks his own kind.
When a man knows of eating and sleeping alone,
Over beasts, in what way is his excellence shown?  
به است از دد انسان صاحب خرد
نه انسان که در مردم افتد چو دد
چو انسان نداند به جز خورد و خواب
کدامش فضیلت بود بر دواب؟
From the ill-fated horseman, who galloped astray,
The footman, in walking, the prize bore away.
No person has sown generosity’s seed,
Who reaps not, in harvest, befitting his need.
سوار نگون بخت بی راه رو
پیاده برد زو به رفتن گرو
کسی دانه نیکمردی نکاشت
کز او خرمن کام دل برنداشت
I never have heard, since my lifetime began,
That goodness comes forth to reward the bad man.
نه هرگز شنیدیم در عمر خویش
که بدمرد را نیکی آمد به پیش


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