When we learn our native language, first of all, we listen, then we speak, then we read, and finally, we write. Listening, speaking, reading, and writing are the four language skills we need to develop for complete communication in Persian.
Listening and reading the language is receptive: input, i.e. the exposure you have to valid language in use. Speaking and writing are productive: output, i.e. the action of producing language as part of the process of new language learning.
To achieve these four basic language skills, you need to surround yourself with Persian: make Persian part of your life at home, at work, during your free time.
Read on to find tips that will help you overcome the difficulties you might be experiencing to improve your Persian skills.
Immerse yourself in the Farsi language as much as possible:
practice makes perfect, which means that if you want to improve a certain skill in the Farsi language, you have to practice it. As a beginner Farsi learner you will need to achieve all 4 language skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing.
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It plays a very important part in learning a new language. Effective listening ensures understanding and it helps improve accuracy when speaking Persian, among other things. How can you improve your listening skills? You can do it by listening actively, it means paying attention not only to what is said but also to how it is said. So, listen:
1. To music
Old or modern; the type you prefer, but please pay attention to the lyrics. (sometimes reading the lyrics may help you understand the song better)
2. To Iranian movies, TV shows, news, entertainments, the radio
You can watch something online, so you can watch the movie several times. You can also watch with subtitles and then, when you feel more comfortable, without them. You can have Persian radio at home or on your mobile phone. Even if are not actually listening to it, your ears will be getting used to the sounds of this language.
3. Attend plays, exhibitions, talks, etc.
Attend plays, exhibitions, talks, etc. in Persian organized by Persian-speaking communities.
It is often the hardest of the four language skills, but as soon as you can speak a little Persian there are lots of ways to improve quickly and have tons of fun.
4. Join voiced chats
Technology has advanced a lot in terms of social media so, wherever you live, you can find a chat-room to join.
5. Talk and record yourself
This may sound funny, but it will help you realize how you can improve by repeating the recording several times till you feel proud of the results.
6. Talk to your classmates in Persian
Talk to your classmates in Persian when you are not in class. You can even make a group to play some games, have a meal or just chat together.
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It is a process of the brain and it takes time to develop: your mind has to attach meaning to the Persian words, phrases, and expressions represented by symbols, plus get to understand the grammar and structure of the Persian language used in the passage to read. If you develop strong reading skills in Persian, it’ll be very helpful to your future. You can read:
7. Books in Persian and articles on the web
Maybe, books you have already read in your native language or which have been turned into movies. Try to start with easy books such as children’s books, and comics: The images will help you understand even if you don’t know the meaning of all the words.
8. Switch the operating system of your mobile phone, your PC, or tablet into Persian
Associating a function with a certain word will improve your Persian vocabulary.
Even though it may be intimidating to a lot of people, anyone can get used to writing Persian with a little discipline and a willingness to learn.
9. Write down Persian words or expressions
Write down Persian words or expressions you think useful with their meaning and examples. If you see them in sentences or examples you will remember them better. Also, you can use them if you keep a diary.
10. Write comments
Write comments in Persian blogs. At present blogs are websites that resemble journals. Lots of people use them to expose their ideas on a certain topic or to explain somethings – from how to knit a scarf, to very complicated ones such as technical or philosophical topics are dealt with. A great common feature of all these blogs is that they are interactive: also, the readers can make comments or debate the ideas stated in the blog. Even if you are not a blog fan, maybe you find some that really encourage you to take part. So, just do it. You don’t need to be an expert to write a few sentences about what you think or feel about the main content of the blog.
The most important tip…
All the above-mentioned tips and techniques can be reduced to just one: PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE!! Whatever learning style you have, whatever your native language is, the key to acquire and master a new language is to PRACTICE it as much and as often as possible.