Masnavi-Book 4 مثنوی دفتر چهارم

Masnavi-Book 4 مثنوی دفتر چهارم

Content

Proem
سرآغاز
Conclusion of the story of the lover who fled from the night-patrol into an orchard unknown to him, and for joy at finding his beloved in the orchard called down blessings on the night-patrol and said, “It may be that ye loathe a thing although it is better for you.”

تمامی حکایت آن عاشق که از عسس گریخت در باغی مجهول خود معشوق را در باغ یافت و عسس را از شادی دعای خیر می‌کرد و می‌گفت کی عسی ان تکرهوا شیا و هو خیر لکم
Story of the preacher who at the beginning of every exhortation used to pray for the unjust and hard-hearted and irreligious.

حکایت آن واعظ کی هر آغاز تذکیر دعای ظالمان و سخت‌دلان و بی‌اعتقادان کردی
How they asked Jesus, on whom be peace, saying, “O Spirit of God, what is the hardest thing to bear of all the hard things in existence?”

سال کردن از عیسی علیه‌السلام کی در وجود از همه‌ی صعبها صعب‌تر چیست
The lover’s attempted perfidy, and how the beloved scolded him.

قصد خیانت کردن عاشق و بانگ بر زدن معشوق بر وی
Story of the Súfí who caught his wife with a strange man.

قصه‌ی آن صوفی کی زن خود را بیگانه‌ای بگرفت
How the wife, for the sake of imposition, hid the beloved one under her chádar and offered a false excuse, “for verily, great is the cunning of you (women).”

معشوق را زیر چادر پنهان کردن جهت تلبیس و بهانه گفتن زن کی ان کید کن عظیم
How the wife said that she (the lady) was not bent upon household goods, and that what she wanted was modesty and virtue; and how the Súfí answered her (his wife) cryptically.

گفتن زن کی او در بند جهاز نیست مراد او ستر و صلاحست و جواب گفتن صوفی این را سرپوشیده
The purpose for which God is called Samí‘ (Hearing) and Basír (Seeing).

غرض از سمیع و بصیر گفتن خدا را
Comparison of this world to a bath-stove and of piety to the bath.

مثال دنیا چون گولخن و تقوی چون حمام
Story of the tanner who fainted and sickened on smelling otto and musk in the bazaar of the perfumers.

قصه‌ی آن دباغ کی در بازار عطاران از بوی عطر و مشک بیهوش و رنجور شد
How the tanner’s brother sought to cure him secretly with the smell of dung.

معالجه کردن برادر دباغ دباغ را به خفیه به بوی سرگین
How the lover begged to be excused for his sin, (but) with duplicity and dissimulation; and how the beloved perceived that also.

عذر خواستن آن عاشق از گناه خویش به تلبیس و روی پوش و فهم کردن معشوق آن را نیز
How the beloved rejected the excuses of the lover and rubbed his duplicity into him.

رد کردن معشوقه عذر عاشق را و تلبیس او را در روی او مالیدن
How the Jew said to ‘Alí, may God honour his person, “If thou hast confidence in God’s protection, cast thyself down from the top of this kiosk”; and how the Prince of the Faithful answered him.

گفتن آن جهود علی را کرم الله وجهه کی اگر اعتماد داری بر حافظی حق از سر این کوشک خود را در انداز و جواب گفتن امیرالممنین او را
Story of the Farther Mosque and the carob and how, before (the reign of) Solomon, on whom be peace, David, on whom be peace, resolved on building that Mosque.

قصه‌ی مسجد اقصی و خروب و عزم کردن داود علیه‌السلام پیش از سلیمان علیه‌السلام بر بنای آن مسجد
Explanation of “Verily, the Faithful are brothers, and the ‘ulamá (divines) are as one soul”; in particular, the oneness of David, Solomon, and all the other prophets, on whom be peace: if you disbelieve in one of them, (your) faith in any prophet will not be perfect; and this is the sign of (their) oneness, that if you destroy a single one of those thousands of houses, all the rest will be destroyed, and not a single wall will be left standing; for “We make no distinction between any of them (the prophets).” Indication is sufficient for him that hath intelligence: this goes even beyond indication.

شرح انما الممنون اخوة والعلماء کنفس واحدة خاصه اتحاد داود و سلیمان و سایر انبیا علیهم‌السلام کی اگر یکی ازیشان را منکر شوی ایمان به هیچ نبی درست نباشد و این علامت اتحادست کی یک خانه از هزاران خانه ویران کنی آن همه ویران شود و یک دیوار قایم نماند کی لانفرق بین احد منهم و العاقل یکفیه الاشارة این خود از اشارت گذشت
The rest of the Story of the building of the Farther Mosque.
 بقیه‌ی قصه‌ی بنای مسجد اقصی
Story of the beginning of the Caliphate of ‘Uthmán, may God be well-pleased with him, and his sermon expounding that the doer who exhorts by deeds is better than the speaker who exhorts by words.
 قصه‌ی آغاز خلافت عثمان رضی الله عنه و خطبه‌ی وی در بیان آنک ناصح فعال به فعل به از ناصح قوال به قول
Explaining that (while) philosophers say that Man is the microcosm, theosophists say that Man is the macrocosm, the reason being that philosophy is confined to the phenomenal form of Man, whereas theosophy is connected with the essential truth of his true nature.
 در بیان آنک حکما گویند آدمی عالم صغریست و حکمای اللهی گویند آدمی عالم کبریست زیرا آن علم حکما بر صورت آدمی مقصور بود و علم این حکما در حقیقت حقیقت آدمی موصول بود
Exposition of the Hadíth, “The parable of my community is the parable of the Ship (Ark) of Noah: whoso shall cleave to it is saved, and whoso shall hold back from it is drowned.”
 تفسیر این حدیث کی مثل امتی کمثل سفینة نوح من تمسک بها نجا و من تخلف عنها غرق
Story of Bilqís’ sending a gift from the city of Sabá to Solomon, on whom be peace. 
قصه‌ی هدیه فرستادن بلقیس از شهر سبا سوی سلیمان علیه‌السلام
The miraculous gifts and illumination of Shaykh ‘Abdullah Maghribí, may God sanctify his spirit.
 کرامات و نور شیخ عبدالله مغربی قدس الله سره
How Solomon, on whom be peace, bade the envoys of Bilqís return to her with the gifts which they had brought; and how he called Bilqís to (accept) the Faith and to abandon sun-worship. 
بازگردانیدن سلیمان علیه‌السلام رسولان بلقیس را به آن هدیه‌ها کی آورده بودند سوی بلقیس و دعوت کردن بلقیس را به ایمان و ترک آفتاب‌پرستی
Story of the druggist whose balance-weight was clay for washing the head; and how a customer, who was a clay-eater, stole some of that clay covertly and secretly, whilst sugar was being weighed.
 قصه‌ی عطاری کی سنگ ترازوی او گل سرشوی بود و دزدیدن مشتری گل خوار از آن گل هنگام سنجیدن شکر دزدیده و پنهان
How Solomon, on whom be peace, showed affection and kindness to the envoys and removed (feelings of) resentment and injury from their hearts and explained to them the reason for declining the gift.
 دلداری کردن و نواختن سلیمان علیه‌السلام مر آن رسولان را و دفع وحشت و آزار از دل ایشان و عذر قبول ناکردن هدیه شرح کردن با ایشان
How a dervish saw in dream a company of Shaykhs and begged for a daily portion of lawful food (which he should receive) without being occupied with earning (it) and being (thereby) incapacitated from devotional service; and how they directed him, and how the sour and bitter mountain-fruit became sweet to him through the bounty of those Shaykhs. 
دیدن درویش جماعت مشایخ را در خواب و درخواست کردن روزی حلال بی‌مشغول شدن به کسب و از عبادت ماندن و ارشاد ایشان او را و میوه‌های تلخ و ترش کوهی بر وی شیرین شدن به داد آن مشایخ
How he formed an intention, saying, ‘I will give this money to that carrier of firewood, since I have obtained daily provision through the miraculous gifts of the Shaykhs’; and how the carrier of firewood was offended by his secret thought and intention.
 نیت کردن او کی این زر بدهم بدان هیزم‌کش چون من روزی یافتم به کرامات مشایخ و رنجیدن آن هیزم‌کش از ضمیر و نیت او
How Solomon, on whom be peace, urged the envoys to hasten the emigration of Bilqís (from her kingdom) for the Faith’s sake. 
تحریض سلیمان علیه‌السلام مر رسولان را بر تعجیل به هجرت بلقیس بهر ایمان
The cause of the emigration of (Ibráhím son of) Adham, may God sanctify his spirit, and his abandoning the kingdom of Khurásán.
 سبب هجرت ابراهیم ادهم قدس الله سره و ترک ملک خراسان
Story of the thirsty man who dropped walnuts from the top of a walnut-tree into the water-brook that was in the hollow, without reaching the water (himself), in order that he might hear the sound made by the walnuts falling on the water, which thrilled him with joy as (though it were) sweet music.
 حکایت آن مرد تشنه کی از سر جوز بن جوز می‌ریخت در جوی آب کی در گو بود و به آب نمی‌رسید تا به افتادن جوز بانگ آب بشنود و او را چو سماع خوش بانگ آب اندر طرب می‌آورد
How Solomon, on whom be peace, sent a threatening message to Bilqís, saying, “Do not think to persist in polytheism and do not make delay.” 
تهدید فرستادن سلیمان علیه‌السلام پیش بلقیس کی اصرار میندیش بر شرک و تاخیر مکن
How Solomon, on whom be peace, explained (to Bilqís), saying, “My labour in (bringing about) thy (conversion to the) Faith is purely for God’s sake: I have not one atom of self-interest, either as regards thy person or thy beauty or thy kingdom. Thou thyself wilt see (this) when the eye of thy spirit is opened by the light of God.”
 پیدا کردن سلیمان علیه‌السلام کی مرا خالصا لامر الله جهدست در ایمان تو یک ذره غرضی نیست مرا نه در نفس تو و حسن تو و نه در ملک تو خود بینی چون چشم جان باز شود به نورالله
The remainder of the story of Ibráhím son of Adham, may God sanctify his spirit.
 باقی قصه‌ی ابراهیم ادهم قدس‌الله سره
The rest of the story of the people of Sabá, and of the admonition and guidance given by Solomon, on whom be peace, to the kinsfolk of Bilqís—to every one (the particular guidance) suitable to his religious and spiritual difficulties; and how he caught (decoyed) each sort of conceptional bird with the whistle and bait proper for that sort of bird.
 بقیه‌ی قصه‌ی اهل سبا و نصیحت و ارشاد سلیمان علیه‌السلام آل بلقیس را هر یکی را اندر خور خود و مشکلات دین و دل او و صید کردن هر جنس مرغ ضمیری به صفیر آن جنس مرغ و طعمه‌ی او
How Bilqís was freed from her kingdom and was intoxicated with longing for the Faith, and how at the moment of her (spiritual) emigration the regard of her desire became severed from the whole of her kingdom except from her throne.
 آزاد شدن بلقیس از ملک و مست شدن او از شوق ایمان و التفات همت او از همه‌ی ملک منقطع شدن وقت هجرت الا از تخت
How Solomon, on whom be peace, devised a plan for bringing the throne of Bilqís from Sabá. 
چاره کردن سلیمان علیه‌السلام در احضار تخت بلقیس از سبا
Story of Halíma’s asking help of the idols when she lost Mustafá (Mohammed) on whom be peace after he was weaned, and how the idols trembled and prostrated themselves and bore witness to the grandeur of Mohammed’s estate may God bless and save him!
 قصه‌ی یاری خواستن حلیمه از بتان چون عقیب فطام مصطفی را علیه‌السلام گم کرد و لرزیدن و سجده‌ی بتان و گواهی دادن ایشان بر عظمت کار مصطفی صلی‌الله علیه و سلم
Story of the old Arab who directed Halíma to seek help from the idols. 
حکایت آن پیر عرب کی دلالت کرد حلیمه را به استعانت به بتان
How ‘Abdu ’l-Muttalib, the grandfather of Mustafá (Mohammed), got news of Halíma’s having lost Mohammed, on whom be peace, and searched for him round the city and made lamentation at the door of the Ka‘ba and besought God and found him (Mohammed), on whom be peace.
 خبر یافتن جد مصطفی عبدالمطلب از گم کردن حلیمه محمد را علیه‌السلام و طالب شدن او گرد شهر و نالیدن او بر در کعبه و از حق درخواستن و یافتن او محمد را علیه‌السلام
How ‘Abdu ’l-Muttalib asked for a clue to the place where Mohammed was peace be upon him! saying, “Where shall I find him?” and how he was answered from within the Ka‘ba and obtained the clue.
 نشان خواستن عبدالمطلب از موضع محمد علیه‌السلام کی کجاش یابم و جواب آمدن از اندرون کعبه و نشان یافتن
The rest of the story of (the Divine) Mercy’s calling Bilqís.
 بقیه‌ی قصه‌ی دعوت رحمت بلقیس را
Parable of Man’s being contented with (the goods of) this world, and his greed in seeking (them) and his indifference to the high and blessed estate of the spiritual who are his congeners (and are) crying, “Oh, would that my people might know!”
 مثل قانع شدن آدمی به دنیا و حرص او در طلب دنیا و غفلت او از دولت روحانیان کی ابنای جنس وی‌اند و نعره‌زنان کی یا لیت قومی یعلمون
The rest of the story of Solomon, on whom be peace: how he built the Farther Mosque (the Temple of Solomon) by instruction and inspiration from God, (given to him) for wise purposes which He (only) knows; and how angels, demons, genies, and men lent visible aid.
 بقیه‌ی عمارت کردن سلیمان علیه‌السلام مسجد اقصی را به تعلیم و وحی خدا جهت حکمتهایی کی او داند و معاونت ملایکه و دیو و پری و آدمی آشکارا
Story of the poet and how the king gave him a reward and how the vizier, whose name was Bu ’l-Hasan, made it many times greater.
 قصه‌ی شاعر و صله دادن شاه و مضاعف کردن آن وزیر بوالحسن نام
How after several years the poet came back in the hope of (receiving) the same reward, and how the king according to his custom ordered a thousand dinars to be given to him, and how the new vizier, who was also named Hasan, said to the king, “This is very much: we have (great) expenses and the treasury is empty, and I will satisfy him with a tenth of that (sum).” 
باز آمدن آن شاعر بعد چند سال به امید همان صله و هزار دینار فرمودن بر قاعده‌ی خویش و گفتن وزیر نو هم حسن نام شاه را کی این سخت بسیارست و ما را خرجهاست و خزینه خالیست و من او را بده یک آن خشنود کنم
The resemblance of the bad judgement of this base vizier in corrupting the king’s generosity to (that of) the vizier of Pharaoh, namely, Hámán, in corrupting the readiness of Pharaoh to receive (the true Faith).
 مانستن بدرایی این وزیر دون در افساد مروت شاه به وزیر فرعون یعنی هامان در افساد قابلیت فرعون
How the Demon sat on the place (throne) of Solomon, on whom be peace, and imitated his actions; and concerning the manifest difference between the two Solomons, and how the Demon called himself Solomon son of David.
 نشستن دیو بر مقام سلیمان علیه‌السلام و تشبه کردن او به کارهای سلیمان علیه‌السلام و فرق ظاهر میان هر دو سلیمان و دیو خویشتن را سلیمان بن داود نام کردن
How Solomon, on whom be peace, entered the Farther Mosque daily, after its completion, for the purpose of worshipping and directing the worshippers and devotees; and how medicinal herbs grew in the Mosque. 
درآمدن سلیمان علیه‌السلام هر روز در مسجد اقصی بعد از تمام شدن جهت عبادت و ارشاد عابدان و معتکفان و رستن عقاقیر در مسجد
How Qábíl (Cain) learned the trade of grave-digging from the crow (raven), before knowledge of grave-digging and graves existed in the world. 
آموختن پیشه گورکنی قابیل از زاغ پیش از آنک در عالم علم گورکنی و گور بود
Story of the Súfí who, head on knee, was engaged in (spiritual) meditation in the garden: his friends said to him, “Lift up thy head and enjoy the garden and the sweet herbs and the birds and the marks of the mercy of God most High.”
 قصه‌ی صوفی کی در میان گلستان سر به زانو مراقب بود یارانش گفتند سر برآور تفرج کن بر گلستان و ریاحین و مرغان و آثار رحمةالله تعالی
Story of the growing of the carob in a nook of the Farther Mosque, and how Solomon, on whom be peace, was grieved thereat, when it began to talk with him and told its characteristic property and its name
 قصه‌ی رستن خروب در گوشه‌ی مسجد اقصی و غمگین شدن سلیمان علیه‌السلام از آن چون به سخن آمد با او و خاصیت و نام خود بگفت
Explaining that the acquisition of knowledge and wealth and rank by men of evil nature is the (means of) exposing him (such a one) to shame and ü like a sword that has fallen into the hand of a brigand. 
بیان آنک حصول علم و مال و جاه بدگوهران را فضیحت اوست و چون شمشیریست کی افتادست به دست راه‌زن
Commentary on “O thou that wrappest thyself.”
 تفسیر یا ایها المزمل
Showing that (the proverb), “Omission to reply is a reply,” confirms the saying that silence is the (proper) reply to the fool. The explanation of both these (sayings) is (contained) in the story which will now be related. 
در بیان آنک ترک الجواب جواب مقرر این سخن کی جواب الاحمق سکوت شرح این هر دو درین قصه است کی گفته می‌آید
In exposition of the following Hadíth of Mustafá (Mohammed), on whom be peace: “Verily, the most High God created the angels and set reason in them, and He created the beasts and set lust in them, and He created the sons of Adam and set in them reason and lust; and he whose reason prevails over his lust is higher than the angels, and he whose lust prevails over his reason is lower than the beasts.” 
در تفسیر این حدیث مصطفی علیه‌السلام کی ان الله تعالی خلق الملائکة و رکب فیهم العقل و خلق البهائم و رکب فیها الشهوة و خلق بنی آدم و رکب فیهم العقل و الشهوة فمن غلب عقله شهوته فهو اعلی من الملائکة و من غلب شهوته عقله فهو ادنی من البهائم
In exposition of the following Verse: “and as for those in whose hearts is a disease, it (each new Súra of the Qur’án) added unto their uncleanness (wicked unbelief)”; and of His Word: “thereby He letteth many be led astray, and thereby He letteth many be guided aright.”
 در تفسیر این آیت کی و اما الذین فی قلوبهم مرض فزادتهم رجسا و قوله یضل به کثیرا و یهدی به کثیرا
The battle of the reason against the flesh is like the contention of Majnún with his she camel: Majnún’s inclination is towards the noble woman (Laylá), while the she camel’s inclination is (to go) back towards her foal, as Majnún said (in verse): “My she-camel’s love is behind me, while my love is in front of me; and verily I and she are discordant.”
 چالیش عقل با نفس هم چون تنازع مجنون با ناقه میل مجنون سوی حره میل ناقه واپس سوی کره چنانک گفت مجنون هوا ناقتی خلفی و قدامی الهوی و انی و ایاها لمختلفان
How the slave wrote to the King a statement complaining of the reduction of his allowance 
نوشتن آن غلام قصه‌ی شکایت نقصان اجری سوی پادشاه
Story of the divine with a big turban and the man who carried it off, and how he (the divine) shouted, “Undo it and see what you are taking: then take it (if you wish)!” 
حکایت آن فقیه با دستار بزرگ و آنک بربود دستارش و بانگ می‌زد کی باز کن ببین کی چه می‌بری آنگه ببر
The World’s mute admonition to worldlings, and how it displays its faithlessness to those who have hope of its keeping faith (with them).
 نصیحت دنیا اهل دنیا را به زبان حال و بی‌وفایی خود را نمودن به وفا طمع دارندگان ازو
Explaining that the gnostic hath a nutriment (consisting) of the Light of God, for (the Prophet said), “I pass the night with my Lord: He giveth me meat and drink”; and “Hunger is God’s food whereby He revives the bodies of the siddíqs,” that is, “in hunger God’s food reaches (them).” 
بیان آنک عارف را غذاییست از نور حق کی ابیت عند ربی یطعمنی و یسقینی و قوله الجوع طعام الله یحیی به ابدان الصدیقین ای فی الجوع یصل طعام‌الله
Commentary on “Moses conceived a fear in his heart: We said, ‘Fear not, verily thou wilt be the superior.’”
 تفسیر اوجس فی نفسه خیفة موسی قلنا لا تخف انک انت الا علی
Warning the pretender to shun pretension and enjoining him to follow (the true guide).
 زجر مدعی از دعوی و امر کردن او را به متابعت
The rest of the story of the slave’s writing a petition for his allowance.
 بقیه‌ی نوشتن آن غلام رقعه به طلب اجری
Story of the encomiast who from regard for reputation was thanking the object of his praise, while the scent (signs) of his inward grief and pain and the shabbiness of his outward garb showed that those expressions of gratitude were vain and false.
 حکایت آن مداح کی از جهت ناموس شکر ممدوح می‌کرد و بوی اندوه و غم اندرون او و خلاقت دلق ظاهر او می‌نمود کی آن شکرها لافست و دروغ
How the divine physicians detect diseases, religious and spiritual, in the countenance of friend or stranger and in the tones of his speech and the colour of his eyes, and even without all these (indications), by the way of the heart; for “verily, they are spies on the hearts (of men); therefore behave with sincerity when ye sit with them.”
 دریافتن طبیبان الهی امراض دین و دل را در سیمای مرید و بیگانه و لحن گفتار او و رنگ چشم او و بی این همه نیز از راه دل کی انهم جواسیس القلوب فجالسوهم بالصدق
How Abú Yazíd (Bistámí) announced the birth of Abu ’l-Hasan Kharraqání—may God sanctify the spirit of them both (many) years before it took place, and gave a detailed description of his outer and inner characteristics; and how the chronologers wrote it down for the purpose of observation. 
مژده دادن ابویزید از زادن ابوالحسن خرقانی قدس الله روحهما پیش از سالها و نشان صورت او سیرت او یک به یک و نوشتن تاریخ‌نویسان آن در جهت رصد
The words of the Prophet, may God bless and save him, “Verily, I feel the Breath of the Merciful (God) from the direction of Yemen.”
 قول رسول صلی الله علیه و سلم انی لاجد نفس الرحمن من قبل الیمن
The reduction of the allowance of God’s food for the soul and heart of the Súfí .
 نقصان اجرای جان و دل صوفی از طعام الله
How the slave was indignant because no reply to his letter arrived from the king. 
آشفتن آن غلام از نارسیدن جواب رقعه از قبل پادشاه
How the wind blew perversely against Solomon, on whom be peace, because of his lapse.
 کژ وزیدن باد بر سلیمان علیه‌السلام به سبب زلت او
How Shaykh Abu ’l-Hasan, may God be well-pleased with him, heard Báyazíd’s announcement of his coming into existence and of what should happen to him. 
شنیدن شیخ ابوالحسن رضی الله عنه خبر دادن ابویزید را و بود او و احوال او
How the slave wrote another letter to the king when he received no reply to the first letter.
 رقعه‌ی دیگر نوشتن آن غلام پیش شاه چون جواب آن رقعه‌ی اول نیافت
Story that some one was consulting another, who said, “Consult some one else, for I am your enemy.”
 قصه‌ی آنک کسی به کسی مشورت می‌کرد گفتش مشورت با دیگری کن کی من عدوی توم
How the Prophet, on whom be peace, appointed a youth of Hudhayl to be commander of an expeditionary force in which there were elders and veteran warriors. 
امیر کردن رسول علیه‌السلام جوان هذیلی را بر سریه‌ای کی در آن پیران و جنگ آزمودگان بودند
How an objector objected to the Prophet’s on whom be peace appointing the man of Hudhayl to be commander. 
اعتراض کردن معترضی بر رسول علیه‌السلام بر امیر کردن آن هذیلی
How Mustafá, on whom be peace, answered the objector.
 جواب گفتن مصطفی علیه‌السلام اعتراض کننده را
Story of Báyazíd’s may God sanctify his spirit saying, “Glory to me! How grand is my estate!” and the objection raised by his disciples, and how he gave them an answer to this, not by the way of speech but by the way of vision (immediate experience).
 قصه‌ی سبحانی ما اعظم شانی گفتن ابویزید قدس الله سره و اعتراض مریدان و جواب این مر ایشان را نه به طریق گفت زبان بلک از راه عیان
Explaining the cause of the eloquence and loquacity of that impertinent man in the presence of the Prophet, on whom be peace.
 بیان سبب فصاحت و بسیارگویی آن فضول به خدمت رسول علیه‌السلام
How the Prophet, on whom be peace, explained the cause of his preferring and choosing the (young) man of Hudhayl as commander and chief of the army over the heads of the elders and veterans.
 بیان رسول علیه السلام سبب تفضیل و اختیار کردن او آن هذیلی را به امیری و سرلشکری بر پیران و کاردیدگان
The marks of the wholly intelligent and the half-intelligent and the whole man and the half-man and the deluded worthless wretch doomed to perdition. 
علامت عاقل تمام و نیم‌عاقل و مرد تمام و نیم‌مرد و علامت شقی مغرور لاشی
Story of the lake and the fishermen and the three fishes, one intelligent and one half intelligent and the third deluded, foolish, heedless and good-for-naught; and the end of all three.
 قصه‌ی آن آبگیر و صیادان و آن سه ماهی یکی عاقل و یکی نیم عاقل وان دگر مغرور و ابله مغفل لاشی و عاقبت هر سه
The inner meaning of the recitation of the ablutionary prayers by one who performs the ritual ablution. 
سر خواندن وضو کننده اوراد وضو را
A certain person used to say at the time of abstersion, “O God, let me smell the sweet odour of Paradise” instead of “O God, make me one of those who repent much, and make me one of those who purify themselves,” which is the (proper) form of prayer in abstersion; and he (also) used to recite the formula proper to abstersion at the time of rinsing his nose. A venerable man heard (him) and could not endure it. 
شخصی به وقت استنجا می‌گفت اللهم ارحنی رائحة الجنه به جای آنک اللهم اجعلنی من التوابین واجعلنی من المتطهرین کی ورد استنجاست و ورد استنجا را به وقت استنشاق می‌گفت عزیزی بشنید و این را طاقت نداشت
Story of the captive bird which gave the (following) injunctions: do not feel sorrow for what is past, think about taking precaution for the present (need), and do not spend time in repenting. 
قصه‌ی آن مرغ گرفته کی وصیت کرد کی بر گذشته پشیمانی مخور تدارک وقت اندیش و روزگار مبر در پشیمانی
How the half-intelligent fish devised a means (of escape) and feigned to be dead.
 چاره اندیشیدن آن ماهی نیم‌عاقل و خود را مرده کردن
Explaining that the promise made by the fool at the moment of seizure (punishment) and contrition is faithless, for though they should be sent back, they would surely return to that which they were forbidden to do, and verily they are liars. The false dawn keeps not faith.
 بیان آنک عهد کردن احمق وقت گرفتاری و ندم هیچ وفایی ندارد کی لو ردوالعادوا لما نهوا عنه و انهم لکاذبون صبح کاذب وفا ندارد
Explaining that imagination (wahm) is the counterfeit of Reason and in opposition to it, and that though it resembles Reason it is not Reason; and the story of the replies given to each other by Moses, on whom be peace, who was the possessor of Reason, and Pharaoh, who was the possessor of imagination. 
در بیان آنک وهم قلب عقلست و ستیزه‌ی اوست بدو ماند و او نیست و قصه‌ی مجاوبات موسی علیه‌السلام کی صاحب عقل بود با فرعون کی صاحب وهم بود
Explaining that cultivation consists in devastation and composure in distraction and wholeness in brokenness and success in failure and existence in non-existence; and thus (with) the rest of the contraries and pairs. 
بیان آنک عمارت در ویرانیست و جمعیت در پراکندگیست و درستی در شکست‌گیست و مراد در بی‌مرادیست و وجود در عدم است و علی هذا بقیة الاضداد والازواج
Explaining that every percipient sense of man has different objects of perception too, of which the other senses are ignorant, as (for example) every skilled craftsman is unfamiliar with the work of those skilled in other crafts; and its (another sense’s) ignorance of that which is not its business does not prove that those objects of perception are non-existent. Although it virtually denies them, yet here in this place we only mean by its ‘denial’ its ignorance.
 بیان آنک هر حس مدرکی را از آدمی نیز مدرکاتی دیگرست کی از مدرکات آن حس دگر بی‌خبرست چنانک هر پیشه‌ور استاد اعجمی کار آن استاد دگر پیشه‌ورست و بی‌خبری او از آنک وظیفه‌ی او نیست دلیل نکند کی آن مدرکات نیست اگر چه به حکم حال منکر بود آن را اما از منکری او اینجا جز بی‌خبری نمی‌خواهیم درین مقام
How the people of this world attack the people of that (other) world and charge (against them) as far as the frontier, namely, generation and propagation, which is the boundary of the Unseen, and how they (the people of this world) are unaware of the ambush (prepared for them); for the infidel makes his assault (only) when the holy warrior does not go to war.
 حمله بردن این جهانیان بر آن جهانیان و تاختن بردن تا سینور ذر و نسل کی سر حد غیب است و غفلت ایشان از کمین کی چون غازی به غزا نرود کافر تاختن آورد
Explaining that the earthen body of man, like iron of fine substance, is capable of becoming a mirror, so that therein even in this world Paradise and Hell and the Resurrection et cetera are shown by immediate vision, not in the mode of phantasy. 
بیان آنک تن خاکی آدمی هم‌چون آهن نیکو جوهر قابل آینه شدن است تا درو هم در دنیا بهشت و دوزخ و قیامت و غیر آن معاینه بنماید نه بر طریق خیال
How Moses, on whom be peace, declared (by inspiration) from the Unseen the secret thoughts and visions of Pharaoh, in order that he might truly believe in the omniscience of God or (at least) hold that opinion.
 باز گفتن موسی علیه‌السلام اسرار فرعون را و واقعات او را ظهر الغیب تابخبیری حق ایمان آورد یا گمان برد
Explaining that the door of repentance is open.
 بیان آنک در توبه بازست
How Moses, on whom be peace, said to Pharaoh, “Accept one counsel from me and take four excellent qualities as recompense.” 
گفتن موسی علیه‌السلام فرعون را کی از من یک پند قبول کن و چهار فضیلت عوض بستان
How Moses, on whom be peace, explained those four excellent qualities (which should be bestowed) as a reward for Pharaoh’s coming into the Faith. 
شرح کردن موسی علیه‌السلام آن چهار فضیلت را جهت پای مزد ایمان فرعون
Exposition of “I was a hidden treasure, and I desired to be known.”
 تفسیر کنت کنزا مخفیا فاحببت ان اعرف
Explanation of the Tradition, “Speak ye unto men according to the measure of their understandings, not according to the measure of your understandings, so that God and His messenger may not be given the lie.”
 بیان این خبر کی کلموا الناس علی قدر عقولهم لا علی قدر عقولکم حتی لا یکذبوا الله و رسوله
The saying of the Prophet, on whom be peace, “Whosoever shall bring me the glad news of the expiration of (the month) Safar, I will give him the glad news of (his being destined to enter) Paradise.”
 قوله علیه السلام من بشرنی بخروج صفر بشرته بالجنة
How Pharaoh took counsel with Ésiya (Ásiya) as to believing in Moses, on whom be peace. 
مشورت کردن فرعون با ایسیه در ایمان آوردن به موسی علیه‌السلام
Story of the king’s falcon and the decrepit old woman. 
قصه‌ی باز پادشاه و کمپیر زن
Story of the woman whose child crawled to the top of the water-spout and was in danger of falling; (whereupon) she besought help of ‘Alí Murtadá, may God ennoble his person.
 قصه‌ی آن زن کی طفل او بر سر ناودان غیژید و خطر افتادن بود و از علی کرم‌الله وجهه چاره جست
How Pharaoh took counsel with ha vizier, Hámán, as to believing in Moses, on whom be peace. 
مشورت کردن فرعون با وزیرش هامان در ایمان آوردن به موسی علیه‌السلام
Showing the falsity of Hámán’s speech the curse (of God) be upon him!
 تزییف سخن هامان علیه‌اللعنه
How Moses, on whom be peace, despaired of Pharaoh’s accepting the true faith, because the words of Hámán made an impression on Pharaoh’s heart.
 نومید شدن موسی علیه‌السلام از ایمام فرعون به تاثیر کردن سخن هامان در دل فرعون
How the Amírs of the Arabs wrangled with Mustafá (Mohammed), on whom be peace, saying, “Share the kingdom with us, in order that there may be no contention”; and how Mustafá, on whom be peace, answered and said, “I am commanded (by God) in respect of this Amírate”; and the arguments on both sides. 
منازعت امیران عرب با مصطفی علیه‌السلام کی ملک را مقاسمت کن با ما تا نزاعی نباشد و جواب فرمودن مصطفی علیه‌السلام کی من مامورم درین امارت و بحث ایشان از طرفین
Explaining that one who knows the power of God will not ask, “Where are Paradise and Hell?”
 در بیان آنک شناسای قدرت حق نپرسد کی بهشت و دوزخ کجاست
Reply to the materialist who disbelieves in the Deity and says that the world is eternal. 
جواب دهری کی منکر الوهیت است و عالم را قدیم می‌گوید
Commentary on the Verse, “And We did not create the heavens and the earth and what is between them save with real ground”: (i.e.) “I did not create them for the sake of just this which ye see; nay, but for the sake of the essential meaning and everlasting providence which ye see not.”
 تفسیر این آیت کی و ما خلقنا السموات والارض و ما بینهما الا بالحق نیافریدمشان بهر همین کی شما می‌بینید بلک بهر معنی و حکمت باقیه کی شما نمی‌بینید آن را
How God made a revelation to Moses, on whom be peace, saying, “O Moses, I who am the exalted Creator love thee.”
 وحی کردن حق به موسی علیه‌السلام کی ای موسی من کی خالقم تعالی ترا دوست می‌دارم
How a king was enraged with his boon-companion, and an intercessor interceded on behalf of the object of (the king’s) anger and begged the king (to pardon the offender); and how (when) the king accepted his intercession, the boon-companion resented the action of the intercessor and asked, “Why did you intercede?”
 خشم کردن پادشاه بر ندیم و شفاعت کردن شفیع آن مغضوب علیه را و از پادشاه درخواستن و پادشاه شفاعت او قبول کردن و رنجیدن ندیم از این شفیع کی چرا شفاعت کردی
How Khalíl (Abraham) answered Gabriel, on both of whom be peace, when he asked him, “Hast thou any need?” “As regards need of thee, no!”
 گفتن خلیل مر جبرئیل را علیهماالسلام چون پرسیدش کی الک حاجة خلیل جوابش داد کی اما الیک فلا
How Moses, on whom be peace, besought the Lord, saying, “Thou didst create creatures and destroy them,” and how the answer came.
 مطالبه کردن موسی علیه‌السلام حضرت را کی خلقت خلقا اهلکتهم و جواب آمدن
Explaining that the animal spirit and the particular (discursive) reason and the imagination and the fancy may be compared to buttermilk, while the spirit, which is everlasting, is hidden in this buttermilk, like the butter. 
بیان آنک روح حیوانی و عقل جز وی و وهم و خیال بر مثال دوغند و روح کی باقیست درین دوغ هم‌چون روغن پنهانست
Another parable on the same subject.
مثال دیگر هم درین معنی
Story of the prince to whom the true kingdom displayed itself, (so that the realities of) “on the Day when a man shall flee from his brother and his mother and his father” became the object of his immediate experience; (and he saw that) the kingdom of this earth-heap of the childish (is like the game) called “castle-taking,” (in which) the child that gains the victory mounts upon the earth-heap and says boastfully, “The castle belongs to me,” while the other children envy him; for (to play with) earth is the pastime of boys. When the prince was delivered from the bondage of colours, he said, “I say that these coloured pieces of earth (earthly gauds) are just the same vile earth; I do not call them gold and satin and brocade: I have been delivered from this brocade (aksún) and have gone to that which is simple (yaksún).” (God hath said), “And We bestowed wisdom upon him whilst he was yet a boy”; it needeth not the passing of (many) years for (any one to receive) the guidance of God: none speaks of the capacity to receive in (connexion with) the Power of Be, and it is.
 حکایت آن پادشاه‌زاده کی پادشاهی حقیقی بوی روی نمود یوم یفرالمرء من اخیه و امه و ابیه نقد وقت او شد پادشاهی این خاک توده‌ی کودک طبعان کی قلعه گیری نام کنند آن کودک کی چیره آید بر سر خاک توده برآید و لاف زندگی قلعه مراست کودکان دیگر بر وی رشک برند کی التراب ربیع الصبیان آن پادشاه‌زاده چو از قید رنگها برست گفت من این خاکهای رنگین را همان خاک دون می‌گویم زر و اطلس و اکسون نمی‌گویم من ازین اکسون رستم یکسون رفتم و آتیناه الحکم صبیا ارشاد حق را مرور سالها حاجت نیست در قدرت کن فیکون هیچ کس سخن قابلیت نگوید
How the king brought his son a bride for fear of his race coming to an end.
 عروس آوردن پادشاه فرزند خود را از خوف انقطاع نسل
How the king chose the daughter of a poor ascetic for his son and how the ladies of the harem raised objections and disdained the (proposed) alliance with the dervish.
 اختیار کردن پادشاه دختر درویش زاهدی را از جهت پسر و اعتراض کردن اهل حرم و ننگ داشتن ایشان از پیوندی درویش
How the king’s prayer for the deliverance of his son from the witch of Kábul was granted.
 مستجاب شدن دعای پادشاه در خلاص پسرش از جادوی کابلی
Explaining that the prince is Man, the vicegerent of God, and that his father is Adam, the chosen one, the vicegerent of God, he to whom the angels bowed in worship; and that the old hag of Kábul is the World which separated Man from his Father by sorcery, while the prophets and saints are (like) the physician who applied the remedy. 
در بیان آنک شه‌زاده آدمی بچه است خلیفه‌ی خداست پدرش آدم صفی خلیفه‌ی حق مسجود ملایک و آن کمپیر کابلی دنیاست کی آدمی‌بچه را از پدر ببرید به سحر و انبیا و اولیا آن طبیب تدارک کننده
Story of the ascetic who, notwithstanding his destitution and numerous family, was rejoicing and laughing in a year of drought whilst the people were dying of hunger. They said to him, “What is the occasion for joy? It is an occasion for a hundred mournings.” “For me at any rate ’tis not (so),” he replied.
حکایت آن زاهد کی در سال قحط شاد و خندان بود با مفلسی و بسیاری عیان و خلق می‌مردند از گرسنگی گفتندش چه هنگام شادیست کی هنگام صد تعزیت است گفت مرا باری نیست
Explaining that the whole world is the form of Universal Reason, (and that) when by trespassing you act unjustly towards Universal Reason, in most cases the aspect of the world increases your vexation, just as when you show ill-feeling to your father the aspect of your father increases your vexation and you cannot (bear to) look on his face, though before that he will have been the light of your eye and the comfort of your soul.
 بیان آنک مجموع عالم صورت عقل کلست چون با عقل کل بکژروی جفا کردی صورت عالم ترا غم فزاید اغلب احوال چنانک دل با پدر بد کردی صورت پدر غم فزاید ترا و نتوانی رویش را دیدن اگر چه پیش از آن نور دیده بوده باشد و راحت جان
Story of the sons of ‘Uzayr, on whom be peace, who were making inquiries about their father from (one who really was) their father. “Yes,” he replied, “I have seen him: he is coming.” Some (of them) recognised him and became unconscious, (while) others did not recognise him and said, “He has only announced (our father’s coming): what is this unconsciousness?”
 قصه‌ی فرزندان عزیر علیه‌السلام کی از پدر احوال پدر می‌پرسیدند می‌گفت آری دیدمش می‌آید بعضی شناختندش بیهوش شدند بعضی نشناختند می‌گفتند خود مژده‌ای داد این بیهوش شدن چیست
Commentary on the Tradition, “Verily, I ask pardon of God seventy times every day.”
 تفسیر این حدیث کی ائنی لاستغفر الله فی کل یوم سبعین مرة
Explaining that the particular (discursive) intellect does not see beyond the grave and, as regards all the rest, is subject to the authority of the saints and prophets.
 بیان آنک عقل جزوی تا بگور بیش نبیند در باقی مقلد اولیا و انبیاست
Explaining (the Verse), “O ye that believe, do not put (yourselves) forward in the presence of God and His Apostle.” Since thou art not the Prophet, be one of the religious community; since thou art not the sovereign, be a subject.
 بیان آنک یا ایها الذین آمنوا لا تقدموا بین یدی الله و رسوله چون نبی نیستی ز امت باش چونک سلطان نه‌ای رعیت باش پس رو خاموش باش از خود زحمتی و رایی متراش
Story of the mule’s complaining to the camel (and saying), “I often fall on my face when going along, while you seldom do so: why is this?” and the camel’s answer to him. 
قصه‌ی شکایت استر با شتر کی من بسیار در رو می‌افتم در راه رفتن تو کم در روی می‌آیی این چراست و جواب گفتن شتر او را
How the mule declared the replies of the camel to be true and acknowledged his (the camel’s) superiority to himself and besought his aid and took refuge with him sincerely; and how the camel treated him with kindness and showed him the way and gave help in fatherly and kingly fashion. 
تصدیق کردن استر جوابهای شتر را و اقرار کردن بفضل او بر خود و ازو استعانت خواستن و بدو پناه گرفتن به صدق و نواختن شتر او را و ره نمودن و یاری دادن پدرانه و شاهانه
How the Egyptian entreated the Israelite, saying, “Of thine own intention fill a jug from the Nile and put it to my lips, that I may drink. (I beseech thee) by the right of friendship and brotherhood; for the jug which ye Israelites fill from the Nile for yourselves is pure water, while the jug which we Egyptians fill is pure blood.”
لابه کردن قبطی سبطی را کی یک سبو بنیت خویش از نیل پر کن و بر لب من نه تا بخورم به حق دوستی و برادری کی سبو کی شما سبطیان بهر خود پر می‌کنید از نیل آب صاف است و سبوکی ما قبطیان پر می‌کنیم خون صاف است
How the Egyptian besought blessing and guidance from the Israelite, and how the Israelite prayed for the Egyptian and received a favourable answer to his prayer from the Most Gracious and Merciful (God). 
در خواستن قبطی دعای خیر و هدایت از سبطی و دعا کردن سبطی قبطی را به خیر و مستجاب شدن از اکرم الاکرمین وارحم الراحمین
Story of the lewd woman who said to her husband, “Those illusions appear to thee from the top of the pear-tree, for the top of that pear-tree causes the human eye to see such things: come down from the top of the pear-tree, that those illusions may vanish.” And if any one should say that what that man saw was not an illusion, the answer is that this (story) is a parable, not a (precise) similitude. In the (story regarded as a) parable this amount (of resemblance) is sufficient, for if he had not gone to the top of the peartree, he would never have seen those things, whether illusory or real. 
حکایت آن زن پلیدکار کی شوهر را گفت کی آن خیالات از سر امرودبن می‌نماید ترا کی چنینها نماید چشم آدمی را سر آن امرودبن از سر امرودبن فرود آی تا آن خیالها برود و اگر کسی گوید کی آنچ آن مرد می‌دید خیال نبود و جواب این مثالیست نه مثل در مثال همین قدر بس بود کی اگر بر سر امرودبن نرفتی هرگز آنها ندیدی خواه خیال خواه حقیقت
The remainder of the story of Moses, on whom be peace. 
باقی قصه‌ی موسی علیه‌السلام
The diverse modes and stages of the nature of Man from the beginning.
 اطوار و منازل خلقت آدمی از ابتدا
Explaining that the people of Hell are hungry and make lamentable entreaty to God, saying, “Cause our portions to be fat and let the provender reach us quickly, for we can endure no more.”
بیان آنک خلق دوزخ گرسنگانند و نالانند به حق کی روزیهای ما را فربه گردان و زود زاد به ما رسان کی ما را صبر نماند
How Dhu ’l-Qarnayn went to Mount Qáf and made petition, saying, “O Mount Qáf, tell me of the majesty of the Attributes of God”; and how Mount Qáf said that the description of His majesty is ineffable, since (all) perceptions vanish before it; and how Dhu ’l-Qarnayn made humble supplication, saying, “Tell of His works that thou hast in mind and of which it is more easy for thee to speak.” 
رفتن ذوالقرنین به کوه قاف و درخواست کردن کی ای کوه قاف از عظمت صفت حق ما را بگو و گفتن کوه قاف کی صفت عظمت او در گفت نیاید کی پیش آنها ادراکها فدا شود و لابه کردن ذوالقرنین کی از صنایعش کی در خاطر داری و بر تو گفتن آن آسان‌تر بود بگوی
An ant, walking on a piece of paper, saw the pen writing and began to praise the pen. Another ant, which was more keen-sighted, said, “Praise the fingers, for I deem this accomplishment to proceed from them.” Another ant, more clear-sighted than either, said, “I praise the arm, for the fingers are a branch of the arm,” et cetera. 
موری بر کاغذ می‌رفت نبشتن قلم دید قلم را ستودن گرفت موری دیگر کی چشم تیزتر بود گفت ستایش انگشتان را کن کی آن هنر ازیشان می‌بینم موری دگر کی از هر دو چشم روشن‌تر بود گفت من بازو را ستایم کی انگشتان فرع بازواند الی آخره
How Gabriel, on whom be peace, showed himself to Mustafá (Mohammed), God bless and save him, in his own shape; and how, when one of his seven hundred wings became visible, it covered the horizon (on all sides), and the sun with all its radiance was veiled over.
 نمودن جبرئیل علیه‌السلام خود را به مصطفی صلی‌الله علیه و سلم به صورت خویش و از هفتصد پر او چون یک پر ظاهر شد افق را بگرفت و آفتاب محجوب شد با همه شعاعش

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